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What is Network Address Translator (NAT)? What does it do? Do I need it?

NAT stands for Network Address Translator. As evident from its title, it’s a translator of community addresses. This submit tells you in regards to the want for NAT, what it does, and why.

What is NAT or Network Address Translator

NAT or Network Address Translator

Network Address Translator, or just known as NAT, is a vital a part of the system between your LAN and the Internet. It might be positioned within the router you’re utilizing to attach the native community to the Internet or any comparable system, like a modem. Using a router for NAT is particularly higher as a result of you can too arrange your firewall utilizing the router.

The main operate of NAT is to create a public IP deal with in order that outsiders can not hack into your community. A house or workplace community comprises many gadgets resembling computer systems, tablets, printers, scanners, and telephones to call a number of. Each one is assigned a non-public IP deal with. Now, the IP deal with is the deal with that helps routers in sending knowledge to particular machines. Anything related to the Internet has an IP deal with else it could’t be used.

IP, or Internet Protocol, is of two sorts:

  1. IPv4
  2. IPv6

Almost all of the computer systems and different gadgets related to the Internet have an IPv4 deal with. The ‘v’ in ‘IPv4’ stands for ‘version’. When the Internet was in its early life and IP addresses had been being created and assigned to computer systems and different gadgets it was thought that there’s an ample variety of addresses for every little thing related to the Internet. The variety of complete IPv4 addresses might be a most 2ˆ32. The method the Internet is used now, 2ˆ32 won’t be able to create IPv4 addresses for all of the gadgets individuals need to hook up with the Internet.

That is the rationale why engineers needed to provide you with IPv6, which might maintain as much as 2ˆ128 IP addresses. That is a big quantity and researchers imagine that the brand new format can be sufficient to cowl all of the objects related to the Internet. This, nonetheless, will take a very long time as older gadgets must retire, and the brand new ones must be deployed that may deal with IPv6 addresses. In the meantime, NAT is right here to help us with IPv4 addresses.

What does NAT do?

NAT, or the Network Address Translator, is positioned on the system that sits between your computer systems/IoT gadgets community and the Internet. That system is normally router as most of us use the router to create a firewall. It will also be a modem, a tethered cellphone, or a pc appearing as a server. Whatever it might be, it’s current there to provide a public IP deal with (IPv4) to your whole laptop and IoT (Internet of Things) community.

That is to say that as a substitute of assigning IPv4 addresses to every system in your community, NAT provides out one single IP deal with. All different gadgets in your laptop/IoT are given one non-public (inner) IPv4 deal with. It might be something between 192.168.0.Zero and The knowledge packets coming from the Internet, comprise the exterior IPv4 deal with of their header. Based on the kind of knowledge, the NAT (Network Address Translator) forwards it to the non-public or inner gadgets in order that the information might be processed as required.

In brief, NAT helps management the IPv4 addresses from operating out, by managing native or non-public (or inner) IPv4 addresses of all of the entities on a pc and/or IoT community. So, if there are six computer systems and two printers in your community, every has a non-public IP deal with, making it a complete of eight IP addresses (non-public). NAT treats them individually inside the community however for the Internet, it is only one (single system) IP deal with.

Coming to wish, if in case you have an IPv6 deal with, you do not want NAT. If you’re nonetheless on IPv4, you want the Network Address Translator till your community fully strikes to IPv6 format.

The above explains what’s NAT and its use. Have extra questions? Ask within the feedback field beneath.

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